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Accounting

Below are Essay & Assignments tackled by us on Accounting

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  • ‘A historical analysis of ‘The Valad Property Group’ the application of accounting standards where applicable, and information derived from the economic society(s) and info sphere within which that company operates’
  • Valad Property Group (VPG) is an REIT listed on the ASX since 2002. It showed consistent growth and profits from 2002-07 but has been hard hit by the global credit crunch and the uncertainty in the global property market. Its decision to expand operations to Europe through large acquisitions in 2007, increased its exposure to the volatile global market, led to significant write-offs and contributed to VPG’s underperformance over 2007-09. However, the company has worked towards reducing its large gearing, stabilising and streamlining its operations through FY09. Given VPG’s current low market value, solid international funds and property portfolio, experienced management and recent capital raising drives, it is poised to grow once again when the market recovers. ... Less

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  • Accounting Approaches Comparison
  • This report is based on the following requirement -

    There are 2 conflicting views on the subject of Accounting Regulation:
    Total compliance and common, mandatory reporting
    Or
    A softer approach allowing companies to decide what shareholders need to know about their company
    Tim Martin, Chairman and founder of JD Wetherspoons plc, said the following in the Chairman’s Statement within the 2014/15 Statutory Accounts
    “ Modern annual reports are far too long and are often almost unreadable. They are full of semiliterate business jargon, including accounting jargon, and are cluttered with badly written and incomprehensible governance reports. The limitations of corporate governance systems should be recognised. Common sense, management skills and business savvy are more important to commercial success than board structures. All the major banks and many supermarket and pub companies have recently suffered colossal business and financial problems, in spite of, or perhaps because of, their adherence to governance guidelines. There should be an approximately equal balance between executives and non-executives. A majority of executives is not necessarily harmful, provided non-executives are able to make their voices heard. It is often better if a chairman has previously been the chief executive of the company. This encourages chief executives, who may wish to become chairmen in the future, to take a long-term view, avoiding problems of profit-maximisation policies in the years running up to the departure of a chief executive. A maximum tenure of 9 years for non-executive directors is not advisable, since inexperienced boards, unfamiliar with the effects of the “last recession” on their companies, are likely to reduce financial stability. An excessive focus on achieving financial or other targets for executives can be counter-productive. There’s no evidence that the type of targets preferred by corporate governance guidelines actually work and there is considerable evidence that attempting to reach ambitious financial targets is harmful. It is far more important for directors to take account of the views of employees and customers than of the views of institutional shareholders. Shareholders should be listened to with respect, but caution should be exercised in implementing the views of short-term shareholders. It should also be understood that modern institutional shareholders may have a serious conflict of interest, as they are often concerned with their own quarterly portfolio performance, whereas corporate health often requires objectives which lie 5, 10 or 20 years in the future”
    Required:
    • With a view to Accounting Regulation, critique Tim Martin’s opinion. You may want to make reference to the following elements of the Accounting Theory and Practice Unit:
    • KPI reporting
    • The Conceptual Framework
    • Narrative Disclosure
    • Corporate Governance
    • Social and Environmental Accounting
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  • Accounting questions
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  • Alteration and Development in the New Accounting Standards and Its Impact in Australia
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  • Analysis of the arguments and position of the author in the paper - The Case for Global Accounting Standards - Arguments and Evidence
  • In the paper, “The case for global accounting standards: Arguments and Evidence”, Ann Tarca, factually summarises the various benefits that have come to light through various studies on effects of IFRS in the pre and post adoption phase. The author takes a stand, which criticises and analyses, by raising proper evidence with reference to the effect of IFRS on various entities in different settings. Although the paper largely outlines the benefits of the IFRS, the paper is also critical in giving due credit to factors supporting the success of the IFRS. The author also presents scenarios where the IFRS have not been very successful and the paradox and barriers impeding the success of the standards. We analyse here these effects whether it has been beneficial or otherwise for the stakeholders ... Less

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  • Analysis of the article - 'Half a Defence of Positive Accounting Research’ by Paul Dunmore
  • This paper critiques the research work of Paul Dunmore (2009) titled ‘Half a Defence of Positive Accounting Research’ for its strengths, shortcomings and identifies the need for improvements in the research carried with the help of other scholarly work in the field. ... Less

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  • Analysis of the famous case study – ‘Environmental Management Accounting – A case study for AMP’
  • This paper answers the following questions on the case study –

    1. (a) Define environmental management accounting and explain how AMP accounted for its environmental impacts at the commencement of the case study (3 marks, ½ page)
    (b) Why did AMP participate in this case study? (3 marks, ½ page)

    2. Identify and explain five changes that AMP made to its management accounting system in order to improve the provision of information about its environmental impacts (6 marks, up to 1 page)

    3. How are environmental costs defined for the purpose of this case study and identify and explain four benefits for companies in the service sector with office environments that may result from the identification of environmental costs (4 marks, ½ page)

    4. Identify the environmental impacts of Services@ AMP’s activities and explain how the environmental impacts are dealt with in the management accounting system (8 marks, 1 page)

    5. Identify and explain four changes that could be made to AMP’s accounting system that could improve the availability of information on the costs and quantities associated with AMP’s main environmental impacts (8 marks, 1 page)

    6. Identify the five relevant costs for selected environmental inputs and outputs at AMP and their percentage of total costs (4 marks, ½ page)

    7. Identify the breakdown of costs for the top 50 items ordered by AMP cost centres for a 6-month period and identify four opportunities to reduce the costs and environmental impacts associated with stationery (7 marks, up to 1 page).

    8. Identify and explain three possible benefits resulting from the separation of costs for environmental inputs and outputs from the rent as identified in the waste audit (7 marks, up to 1 page).

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  • Analysis of the famous Sampa Video Case
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  • Arguments for and against a single set of global accounting rules
  • This report is based on the following requirements -

    “Globalization of accounting rules is the only way forward. If the world uses only a global set of accounting rules then potentially future corporate collapses can be avoided.”

    Discuss the above statement in depth by considering the arguments for and against a single set of global accounting rules. Will the use of such rules prevent major corporate collapses? ... Less

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  • Assignment analysing the changing trends in performance measurement systems, financial as well as non financial
  • This assignment is based on the following assignment description –

    1. Identify subsequent important academic publications that identify the development of new financial and non-financial performance measurement models from the 1990s to the present day. Critically evaluate how they explain, expand, or critique the theory developed by Johnson and Kaplan. The work of Stern-Stewart on Economic Value Added and Kaplan/Norton on the balanced scorecard provide good examples and are obvious starting points. Some seminal articles are provided for you in the learning materials, however, higher marks will be awarded to students who research relevant up-to date articles and are able to critically evaluate and synthesise these articles. This is the main body of the assignment and should show that you have researched a number of academic articles that trace the developments up to the present day. Higher marks will be gained for critically evaluating and synthesising the literature, rather than merely describing each article in turn.

    2. Assess the impact of the new ideas on both companies and consultants. This can de done by finding specific case studies or academic surveys that have been undertaken on a number of companies.

    3. Conclude by summarising the literature and considering the extent to which the subsequent developments have overcome the original criticisms of Johnson and Kaplan.
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